Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. Supreme Court of India came into existence On the 28th of January, 1950. The Supreme Court of India is located in New Delhi and comprises the Chief Justice and 30 other Judges appointed by the President of India. Supreme Court Rules, 1966 are framed under Article 145 of the Constitution to regulate the practice and procedure of the Supreme Court. Articles 124-147 of the deals with the Supreme Court of India. The Constitution of India is titled as “The Constitution of India”. Before 42nd Amendment in 1976 the Preamble of the Constitution named India as “Sovereign Democratic Republic” however with the amendment it was changed as “Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic”. India is also named in Part I of the Constitution as “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States”
Supreme court of India has decided Intellectual Property Cases in India since 1950. The intellectual Property matters in India include Trademark, Patent and Copyright.
Trademark Law India
- Trade Marks Act, 1940
- Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958
- The Trade Marks Act, 1999 (The current governing law)
Copyright Law in India
- The Indian Copyright Act, 1914
- Copyright Act, 1957 (Amended six times since 1957)
- The Copyright (Amendment) Act 2012
Patent Law in India
- The Act VI of 1856 on protection of inventions based on the British Patent Law of 1852.
- 1859 The Act modified as act XV Patent monopolies called exclusive privileges
- 1872 The Patterns & Designs Protection Act.
- 1883 The Protection of Inventions Act. 1888
- 1888 The Inventions & Designs Act.
- 1911 The Indian Patents & Designs Act.
- 1999 Patents (Amendment) Act,
- 2002 The Patents (Amendment) Act
- 2005 The Patents (Amendment) Act